The xdg-utils package consists of set of tools to allow for easy integration with the desktop environment and also offers options for modifying and adding new MIME types.
sudo apt update -y sudo apt install -y xdg-utils
xdg-mime query filetype <name of the file>
xdg-mime query filetype 6285633006_R03C01_Red.idat
Adding custom MIME types is similar to the
mimetype utility: we can create the xml file and update the local database. Following our previous example, we will create the
<?xml version="1.0"?> <mime-info xmlns='http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/shared-mime-info'> <mime-type type="application/vnd.binary"> <comment>Illumina proprietary IDAT format</comment> <glob pattern="*.idat"/> </mime-type> </mime-info>
shared-mime-infopackages contains the core database of common MIME types and is utilized by both
mimetype. If run consecutively, changes made in the previous section for
mimetypewill reflect with
xdg-mimewithout additional steps of adding custom types.
Update the database:
xdg-mime install illumina-idat.xml
Addition of custom MIME types in
xdg-mime are for current user by default when called by a non-root user while the changes are system wide when called by root. This behavior is controlled by the
--mode flag with either
system as arguments.
Revert to default
To revert back to the default MIME type use the
xdg-mime uninstall illumina-idat.xml
mimetypesrely on the shared-mime-info database for assigning MIME type, system wide changes will override local user related changes. If the uninstall command above does not revert to the default MIME type, a system wide uninstall can be run:
sudo xdg-mime uninstall --mode system illumina-idat.xml